The Glory of Sanskrit Language

Sanskrit is not only the most ancient language of India but of the whole world and all other languages of the world have its roots in this language e.g English word “mathr” became “mother”, “brathr” became “brother”, “gya-mti” became “geometry”, “tri-kon-mti” became “trigonometry” and so on.

Sanskrit is the original source of all the European languages of the present day.” (By Mons. Dubois)

Sanskrit is the mother of all languages” (By Francois Gautier)

In 1980 NASA declared it to be The most unambiguous of all human speech and best suited for Computer processing and artificial intelligence“. Ref: http://www.aaai.org/ojs/index.php/aimagazine/article/viewArticle/466

The fact that the same language is used for computations(Vedic mathematics, astronomy etc.), music (Gndhrv Veda), medicine(Ayurveda), programming, poetry(all major works in Sanskrit), logic(Drshn), formulas(Sulbh Sutr, astronomy and all others), politics(Arth Shastr), warrior arts(Dhnur Veda), atomic theory(Vaisheshik drshn) without using any extra symbols and diagrams make it truly amazing and incredible.

There are 54 letters in the Sanskrit alphabet. Each has masculine and feminine, shiva and shakti giving total of 108 alphabets. These are properly arranged i.e. each row of alphabets are spoken from particular part of mouth or throat or nose. Due to this scientific nature of the method of pronunciation of the vowels and consonants in the Sanskrit, every part of the mouth is exercised during speaking. This results into speakers of Sanskrit being able to pronounce words from any language.

It is said that the language of Sanskrit itself arises from these very root sounds or vibrations of the Universe. The various vowels and consonants that make up Sanskrit words represent these core sounds, known as beej. Whilst in states of deep resonance with the cosmos (in other words, while in meditation), the Rishi could perceive these beej sounds; and from this profound sense of perception, they recognized the inherent sounds of each and every thing. A Sanskrit word, then, is not randomly chosen to name something, but an actual reflection of the inherent ‘sound’ of that object, concept or phenomena. In fact, proper, or rather, perfect, pronunciation of Sanskrit words, it is told, can replicate the exact nature, or essence, of that which it is referring too. It is also told that if one’s mind was utterly pure, then upon hearing this perfectly pronounced symbol, the Sanskrit word, the image of that object, idea, etc., would immediately appear within the mind and the ‘field of understanding’ of this individual, even if they had never seen or heard of this thing or idea before. Likewise, the perfect pronunciation of a Sanskrit word has the power to manifest and/or influence that particular thing.

“Every one of its vowels and consonants has a particular and inalienable force which exists by the nature of things and not by development or human choice… its (Sanskrit’s) basis is universal and eternal.” ~ Sri Aurobindo

Well-known linguists and computer-scientists have expressed the opinion that Sanskrit is the best language for use with computers.

In July 1987, Forbes magazine published news that, Sanskrit is the most convenient language for computer software programming”.

Based on the paper by Rick Briggs, published in AI Magazine that talks about using Sanskrit in natural language processing (NLP). The idea of using natural language for computer programming is to make it easier for people to talk to computers in their native tongue and spare them the pain of learning a computer friendly language like assembly/C/Java!“. So in that way Sanskrit speakers would be almost ready made computer programmers!

Its grammar(Panini) is perfect without exceptions so you would not have sentences with ambiguous meanings. The vastness, preciseness, versatility, comprehensibility of the language can be judged from the fact that this language has 65 words to describe various forms of earth, 67 words for water, more than 50 words for lotus and more than 250 words for rainfall.

Sanskrit is phonetic language so you write what you speak and the whole aim of developing a language is wasted if we need to remember two versions, one for writing and one for speaking!

The Panini grammar reflects the wondrous capacity of the human brain, which till today no other country has been able to produce except India“. (By Sir Monier Williams).

The grammar of Panini is one of the most remarkable literary works that the world has ever seen, and no other country can produce any grammatical system at all comparable to it, either for originality of plan or analytical subtlety“. (By Bilas Sarda)

Unlike other crude languages where every word has different spelling and pronunciation(except few words which have same roots with poor rules for combination), here in Sanskrit you speak what you write! and every word can be broken into sub parts by using rules of Viched(separation). If you use rules of Sandhi-Viched(combination-separation) then even if you know only thousand words, you will develop your vocabulary of several thousands of words.

We Europeans, 2,500 years later, and in a scientific age, still employ an alphabet which is not only inadequate to represent all the sounds of our language, but even preserve the random order which vowels and consonants are jumbled up as they were in the Greek adaptation of the primitive Semitic arrangement of 3,000 years ago“.(By Arthur A. Macdonell)

The words describe themselves! So even if you haven’t heard some word of Sanskrit before still you will be able to figure out its meaning! E.g the meaning of Sanskrit itself is superior art (Sns+Krit). So every word has meaning too.

In Optimality Theory, the hypothesis about the relation between specific and general constraints is known as “Panini’s Theorem on Constraint Ranking

Panini’s work was the forerunner to modern formal language theory (mathematical linguistics) and formal grammar, and a precursor to computing. Ref: O’Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., “Panini”, MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews

Panini used the method of “auxiliary symbols”, in which new affixes are designated to mark syntactic categories and the control of grammatical derivations. This technique, rediscovered by the logician Emil Post, became a standard method in the design of computer programming languages. Ref:Kadvany, John (2007), “Positional Value and Linguistic Recursion”, Journal of Indian Philosophy 35: 587–520.

Noam Chomsky has always acknowledged his debt to Panini for his modern notion of an explicit generative grammar. In Chomsky and Morris Halle’s 1968 text The Sound Pattern of English, the authors give an implicit nod to the Ashtadhyayi by formulating their final rule “ā →   ā”, which echoes the  final Pāṇini’s final rule, “a a iti” (अ अ इति । ८ ।   ४ । ६८). Ref: http://www.hinduonnet.com/fline/fl1825/18250150.htm

The idea of describing the structure of language with rewriting rules can be traced back to at least the work of Pāṇini, who used it in his description of Sanskrit word structure – hence, some suggest to rename BNF to Panini–Backus Form.Ref: P.Z. Ingerman (1967)

Behaghel’s law of increasing terms is also known as “Panini’s Law” after the Sanskrit grammarian.Ref: Cooper and Ross, “World order”, in Robin E. Grossman et al. (eds.), Papers from the Parasession on Functionalism, (Chicago Linguistic Society, 1975), pp. 63–111.

The chandaḥśāstra presents the first known description of a binary numeral system in connection with the systematic enumeration of meters with fixed patterns of short and long syllables.The discussion of the combinatorics of meter corresponds to the binomial theorem. Halayudha’s commentary includes a presentation of the Pascal’s triangle (called meruprastara). Pingala’s work also contains the basic ideas of Fibonacci number (called matrameru ).

Sanskrit grammar (Panini’s) is of a brevity and completeness unmatched in any grammar of any language. It takes material from the lexical lists (Dhatupatha, Ganapatha) as input and describes algorithms to be applied to them for the generation of well-formed words. It is highly systematized and technical. Inherent in its approach are the concepts of the phoneme, the morpheme and the root. His rules have a reputation for perfection — that is, they are claimed to describe Sanskrit morphology fully, without any redundancy. A consequence of his grammar’s focus on brevity is its highly unintuitive structure, reminiscent of modern notations such as the “Backus–Naur Form”. A consequence of his grammar’s focus on brevity is its highly unintuitive structure, reminiscent of contemporary machine language (as opposed to general programming languages). Its use of meta-rules, transformations, and recursion together make his grammar as rigorous as a modern Turing machine. Its ‘s grammar can be considered to be the world’s first formal system. It had a significant influence on many of the foundational ideas proposed by Ferdinand de Saussure, professor of Sanskrit, who is widely considered the father of modern structural linguistics.

Pāṇini’s approach was amazingly formal; his production rules for deriving complex structures and sentences represent modern finite state machines.

The Ashtadhyayi is the central part of Pāṇini’s grammar, and by far the most complex. It is the earliest complete grammar of Classical Sanskrit, and in fact is of a brevity and completeness unmatched in any ancient grammar of any language. It takes material from the lexical lists (Dhatupatha, Ganapatha) as input and describes algorithms to be applied to them for the generation of well-formed words. It is highly systematized and technical. Ref: Sanskrit Philosophical Commentary

Sanskrit is such intelligently structured that there are special six branches called Vedang (limbs of Veda) to learn various aspects of language namely Vyakaran, Nirukti, kalpa etc. In these you learn various aspects of language like pronunciation, grammar, etymology, sentence structuring etc. Only after studying these subjects can a person actually able to understand various works of Sanskrit which are otherwise not understandable. Such an engineering of a language is unseen in any ancient or contemporary language of the world.

So it would not be wrong to say that Sanskrit language is completely mathematical, technical, systematic etc. so it is best not just for mathematics and programming but for philosophy, poetry, Mantra etc.

In Vedic era even children of Bhart(India) could tell the accurate time for solar/lunar eclipses. Forget about the deeper meanings or ciphered text of Veda whose few verses inspired Swami Bharti Tirth to discover Vedic Mathematics hidden in Veda and complex philosophies of Darshn and Upanishads, the intricacies of mystical powers of Yogis like Yoganand(read the autobiography of a yogi), the complex mathematical formulas from jyotish (vedic astronomy) and Sulab Sutr which contains differentiation and integration methods along with lot of infinite series, Vastu Shastr with the help of which the great buildings like Taj Mahal(Tejo mahalaya) were built, the immutable science of Ayurveda, the superior science of Music(Gndhrv Veda), the science of Politics(Arth-Shastr), the science of Metallurgy(Iron pillar of India) and innumerable others, the very common works just like grammar proves the superiority of intellect of those Vedic people.

This is incredible, astonishing and amazing fact that the very first and primeval language of the world is highly systematic, technical, logical etc. i.e. in short PERFECT language.

And if this is just the power of language then can you imagine the power of infallible Sanskrit knowledge, the knowledge that came directly from Prmatma. The perfection of the language should come as no surprise as the perfect knowledge requires perfect language as well.

Additional resources:


Hindu Wisdom
NASA Knowledge Representation in Sanskrit and Artificial Intelligence
Sanskrit Language: The Most Scientific, Ancient, Spiritual

PaSSim – Paninian Sanskrit Simulator Software on Sanskrit grammar based on the Sutras of PaniniThe Panini-Backus Form in Syntax of Formal Languages by T.R.N. Rao, PhD

THE SYSTEM OF PANINI Girish Nath Jha, Ph.D 

Designing Intelligence: Language Acquisition as a Model for Teaching Computers to Learn 

sktutilities 

Sanskrit Utilities 

Scanned Sanskrit Documents

Sanskrit Documents 

Göttingen Register of Electronic Texts in Sanskrit 

Sacred-texts 

Sanskrit E texts scanned copies 

Sanskrit E texts scanned copies 

Sanskrit transliteration software 

Romanized Nepali Keyboard Layout 

sanskrit bharti 

Sanskrit Alphabet 

sanskrit writing pad 

Sanskrit English Pad 

Sanskrit Dictionary 

Sanskrit Dictionary Aid 

Sanskrit Word List 

Sanskrit Word Search 

Sanskrit Sandhi Rules 

Sanskrit Sandhi Tool 

Sanskrit Sorting Tool 

Sanskrit Sentences 

Sanskrit Noun Declension 

Sanskrit Verb Conjugation Rules 

Sanskrit Verb Conjugation Tables 

satyaveda 

Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan 

Sanskrit electronic texts 

Jain eLibrary 

TDIL

Richard Stoney of Orleans

Hindi sources on internet-wiki

unicode converter

font converter list

sanskrit ebooks

linguistic analysis center

Captions Language Interface Pack

Sandhi calculator

sanskrit etexts

Ancient Sanskrit Online

sanskrit library 

Sanskrit ocr 

transliterator

The Sanskrit Heritage Site 

The eternal perfection of the Sanskrit language

The six unmatched features of the Sanskrit language

the true history and the religion of India

Devanagari Softwares 

IAST to devnagari 

GRETIL

4 thoughts on “The Glory of Sanskrit Language

  1. gunzo gunzo says:

    An article full of hyperbole.

    So somebody by the name of Biggs writes a small paper and this becomes a NASA declaration! This was a 1985 “paper”! Show me a product which came out of it? 30 years have passed by!

    Hhm… Just because father, mother etc are closer to the equivalent words in Sanskrit, it becomes mother of ALL languages? Oh, then tell me how the words thayee, thanthai, thambi, thamakkai came about?

    Sanskrit is the language for computers? Please show me one product plesse?

    Like

    • Perhaps if you would have been from scientific background then you would have known that science and engineering are two different things where engineering depends on science but not the other way round. The father of electromagnetism Michael Faraday was asked the same stupid question that how would his discovery would help the world then he replied that science is like an infant which will be productive at a later stage but without science nothing would be possible. If there wouldn’t have been several research papers during 50’s then today neither you would have been able to ask this question here nor people’s life would have been so comfortable that it is now after the invention and development of computers. Papers are validated not through products but through reason and logic. Someone would have asked to Einstein to show him that how his equation works and he wouldn’t believe his theory until he himself watch his theory comes true only after traveling at a speed near to speed of light. And his answer would have been that his theories are not for such kind of people and understanding what he said requires certain amount of capability of brain which he can’t provide.

      Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s