One Nation, One Language

There are issues which we tend to ignore until we face them personally. One such issue that I encountered after I moved to south India is the language issue. Generally we tend to ignore such kinds of issues but only after facing such issues, we realize how much we, as a Nation are losing from these problems. Language which could symbolizes nations and could regarded as identity of a nations is totally absent in India. And the repercussions of this problem are many, the most serious being the threat to our national unity. Imagine how can a person who doesn’t understand any language other than his mother tongue can understand the leaders’ speech when the national leaders are addressing to nation in other language e.g. a person who only understands Tamil language can participate in national affairs when the national leaders like Mr. Modi, Mr. Rahul, Mrs. Sushma etc. are speaking in Hindi language. Or how could large number of people of India could understand what Nehru spoke in his first speech after Independence when majority of Indians didn’t know English language. And isn’t it the duty of people of all regions of India to participate in matters of national importance. We can’t possibly imagine that these leaders would first need to learn all the local languages of India and then repeat every line of their speech in all different language so that people all over India understands what they are saying. Or every citizen of India must learn 21 languages to be able to talk to people of his own country. And how could any intelligent and sensible person justify this.

History of National Language in pre-Independent India

Several experts on India’s Constitution believe the nation’s founding fathers did, in fact, intend that Hindi would become the lingua franca of the country—the ‘link’ speech—but that language-based regional identities didn’t allow this to happen.

History of National Language in post-Independent India

Having gained independence from the British in 1947, the leaders of the new Indian nation recognized the opportunity to unite the many regions of India with a common, universal language. Mahatma Gandhi felt that this was essential to the emergence of India as a bona fide nation.

After Independence, India became a nation state, and it was intended that English would gradually be phased out as the language of administration. At first Hindi, the most widely spoken language, seemed the obvious choice, but following violent protests in 1963 in the state of Tamil Nadu against the imposition of Hindi as a national language, opinion remained divided.

Hindi ass the main language of more than 40 percent of the population. No single language other than Hindi could claim speakers among even 10 percent of the total population. Hindi was therefore made India’s official language in 1965. English, which was associated with British rule, was retained as an option for official use because non-Hindi states, particularly in Tamil Nadu, opposed the official use of Hindi.

The Indian constitution, in 1950, under Article 343 of the Constitution and the Official Languages Act declared Hindi in Devanagari script to be the official language of the union. Unless Parliament decided otherwise, the use of English for official purposes was to cease 15 years after the constitution came into effect, i.e., on 26 January 1965. The prospect of the changeover, however, led to much alarm in the non Hindi-speaking areas of India, especially states in South India. As a result, Parliament enacted the Official Languages Act, 1963, which provided for the continued use of English for official purposes along with Hindi, even after 1965.

The first major linguistic conflict, known as the Anti-Hindi agitations of Tamil Nadu took place in Tamil Nadu against the implementation of Hindi as the sole official language of India. Political analysts consider this as a major factor in bringing DMK to power and leading to the ousting and nearly total elimination of the Congress party in Tamil Nadu. Similar language based politics was also found in other Indian states such as Bengal, Maharashtra and in Karnataka. To express disapproval of the imposition of Hindi on its people, Maharashtra and Karnataka Governments made the state languages compulsory in educational institutions, thus reaping political mileage out of this anti-national issue.

The situation is complicated further by the special provisions made for the development of Hindi under Article 351 of the Constitution, which states: ‘It shall be the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the Hindi language, to develop it so that it may serve as a medium of expression for all the elements of the composite culture of India and to secure its enrichment by assimilating without interfering with its genius, the forms, style and expressions used in Hindustani and in the other languages of India specified in the Eighth Schedule.’

Cabinet Minister Morarji Desai. Speaking to the press in Tirupati, Desai claimed that by learning Hindi the Tamil people would only increase their influence within India as a whole.

Present Scenario

Kapil Sibal, India’s Union Minister for Human Resource Development, has indicated he believes in such primacy for Hindi, arguing that fluency in the language will help students from across the country integrate. ‘Our education system should change from MOTS (More of the Same) to HOTS (High Order Thinking Skills),’ he said in August. ‘We should create knowledge which will be used by other people. Now we are a recipient of knowledge and in the future we should produce the knowledge.’‘Now the lingua franca is English for professionals. When we become producers of knowledge then we can set our language as the lingua franca,’ he said.

Culture versus Language

One of the often heard phrases when someone talk about adopting one language as a national language of India is that language represents culture and such step would destroy our culture! I believe that language and culture are two different things though often come together which makes it difficult to distinguish them. We can definitely preserve our culture in spite of adopting other language and also learning one more language beside our regional language would not ruin or destroy us or our culture. Culture defines our identity and language is used to express it. So changing the medium of expression would not change our identity which can be understood by even an ordinary person.

Disadvantages of not having one language

There are various areas where we are lagging only because of lack of national language like trade, education and research, areas of national security like military, jobs in multi domains, politics etc. The lack of national language acts as barrier for the progress of nation. Students avoid going to other places for education and research due to lack of understanding of local languages. People recruited to army have to first train in other language. Also there is difficulty to collaborate in various ideas in different spheres; non participation in national affairs and hesitancy to relocate in other parts of India. It is utter shameful for people of this nation as well as national leaders who instead of uniting the nation, are busy in dividing people by these degrading acts like making multiple languages as national languages of India besides other acts just as to rule over people by adopting the policy of divide and rule.

The various people who works for central government or Armies etc. always face the language problem when they move to other regions of India. They had to admit their children in local schools where they use their local languages, thus making it difficult for these new students to adjust in the changing environments. Also the families which are moved also faces these problems when they interact which local communities in their everyday life. All the people who are IAS, IPS etc. wouldn’t only face problems in living there but also when the people needs to bring their problem to these people as they wouldn’t be able to address problems of local people thus making the whole government machinery inefficient.

One other disadvantage is in the field of judiciary. In case some person has some problem in some part of country where he is not comfortable with the local language then how can he go to courts to seek justice where the people sitting in courts wouldn’t be knowing his language and he wouldn’t be knowing local language e.g. how can a person belonging to Gujarat whose regional language is Gujarati and who is somewhat comfortable with Hindi could go to courts in case of some happening when the system there neither understands Gujarati nor Hindi.

Either under pressure from many regional parties or with the intention to keep people divided in the name of language besides many other factors for vote-bank politics, the government has started a new “National Translation Mission” to make knowledge texts accessible, in all Indian languages listed in the VIII schedule of the Constitution, through translation, thus wasting taxpayer’s money in such stupid policies instead of utilizing the same money to spread one language in whole India thus ending the need of such policies at all.

In addition to above mentioned disadvantages there are numerous other disadvantages in technical field as well. If India adopts Hindi as national language then Hindi will become largest spoken language from its present fourth largest spoken language after Mandarin, English and Spanish thus giving numerous opportunities to software developers to make many applications which could address people of such large scale in addition of spreading technical knowledge and various other important information which is unreachable today mainly due to lack of understanding of English language. If you have so many users in one language then applications are bound to be build along with many other stuff like specialized keyboards in Hindi language besides many other technical instruments not available today. It would become immensely easier to teach people to use computers and the penetration of knowledge and various other services will undoubtedly increase manifold. The same technologies will give rise to many other R&D initiatives like NLP (natural language processing) giving ability to talk to computers in their known language besides other stuff. The opportunities are many but language is the barrier for them all as of now.

Who is benefited by multi language environment?

If we try to understand the intentions of leaders for multi-language policies then it will become apparent that these people definitely doesn’t want India to unite as this will challenge their supremacy. It has been seen several times after the independence of India that how some state leaders tried to make their state a separate state from India as that thing will give them unquestioned authority. Several different useless issues were given undue importance to advance their goals and one of such issue is definitely a separate language issue and showing to people that adopting other language is the threat to their identity. And unfortunately these kinds of efforts are often successful due to the nature of our system. The true leaders of our nation like Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar patel etc. strongly advocated for a single national language for unification and it is the duty for the responsible citizens of this nation to remain united for the welfare of us all in order to keep avoiding what happened to us for the past 1000 years.

Advantages of one language

It doesn’t need much explanation that how our nation will be benefited from a single unified language in the domain of business, trade, research, job opportunities, tourism etc. Instead of losing our culture, we can spread our culture as people would be connected and would be able to express their cultural aspects to other which will definitely spread local culture from one place to another.

Glory in multi-language nation

We often sing our glory that our nation has more than 415 different dialects. But is it truly a matter of glory that the knowledge existing in one language can’t be understood by a person of other language? That the people of this nation of different states are not able to communicate to each other! We need to come out from this false sense of glory to the true sense of glory by adopting a single national language.

Role of English language in India

Data from the 2005 India Human Development Survey shows that only 5 percent men and 3 per cent women are fluent in English. It would be greatly stupid on government’s part to impose such little used language on people of whole India when teachers of English language are so scarce and specially when the language is not even phonetic language (speak as you write like Devanagari script) otherwise which could have been learned through reading alone. Hindi is already used in most states at-least as their second language and undoubtedly it is far more spoken language in India whose teachers are abundant and which is phonetic too.

But beside the little use of English, the fact that the English is today’s language of science and technology in the whole world. Even if we replace English from all technological usage in India with Hindi still it will remain the language of science as it would be immensely difficult to translate all the scientific knowledge-base in Hindi language.

Role of Hindi language in India

According to government’s 2001 census data, the number of native speakers of Hindi language was 41% in 2001 besides many others speakers whose native language is not Hindi but still use Hindi as their second language like in states of Punjab Gujarat, Bengal etc.

If we go by logic, Hindi, being the most commonly used language, should be accorded the status of National language. When Hindi has already been accepted as the Official language, there shouldn’t be much problem in declaring it a national language as well. But under no circumstances, a regional language can be made the National language of India.

We can’t declare a foreign language as national language should relate to our culture and people. Why should we even consider English, which is after all a foreign language and a sad reminder of colonization of India.

Hindi is already a fourth highest spoken language of whole world and if we make it National language then it will become highest spoken language of whole world thus giving us great advantage at global scale due to its large number of users thus forcing people of other nations to learn Hindi in order to engage with India in trade, business, education etc.

Except science and technology, all other fields like history, social science, music, arts, commerce etc. doesn’t require English language to be taught. It should be made mandatory that all subjects except science and technology to be taught in National Language as that will not only be easy to implement by avoiding acute shortage of English teachers but also make people of different regions to transfer their knowledge with people of other regions.

Role of local languages in India

The importance of local languages can’t be underemphasized. Every region of this nation of Great past holds the treasure of knowledge found only in that language. Like Tamil Nadu has Thirukural, Sangam literature, Punjab has Bani of Guru’s as well as other philosophical material in Punjabi, Bihar’s previous language has whole Buddhist literature in Pali language etc. Thus we must endeavor in preserving our languages as our past knowledge is also associated with these languages and once these languages are extinct then the associated knowledge will also extinct which of-course is not in welfare of our society.

Plus the national language (in case it is different from local language) only needs to be learned for communication alone as the knowledge acquired from different sources in different languages results in same knowledge base. Thus “it will be much easier to learn to read in a language we already understand”. And literacy need not be relearned as additional languages are acquired. “Once you can read, you can read.”

Ways to bring one language to all

While we have everything with national identity like national emblem, national flag, national bird, national animal, national tree, national song etc. Then why we have failed to make one single language as our national language.

If the government takes a decision to make Hindi just as a qualification language for getting government job and not considering it for merit then nobody will raise an objection as it is already known to majority of population. And then it wouldn’t be long for every Indian to be familiar with it.

Case study of Indonesia

As I give the case study of Indonesia (taken from the paper “One land, one nation, one language: An analysis of Indonesia’s national language policy” written by Scott Paauw (2009)), you will find it to be very similar to that of India’s situation as of today.

Indonesia’s national language policy has been called a “miraculous success” (Woolard 2000), “a great success” (Bukhari 1996:19) and “perhaps even the most spectacular linguistic phenomenon of our age” (Alisjahbana 1962:1). Like India there were significant number of distinct ethnic groups, speaking an estimated 600 languages. The size and diversity of Indonesia’s population presented challenges for uniting the nation and developing a national language.

The need for such a choice in Indonesia became apparent in the first decades of the twentieth century, as a sense of nationalism grew.

Languages which emerged as possible official languages for the new nation were the language of the largest ethnic group, Javanese; and the historic lingua franca of the archipelago, Malay. The Malay language was the native language of less than 5% of the population at the time of independence of Indonesia.

Then new name of the language, Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) was introduced, and the question of which language would be the national language was settled with no debate. The second congress was where the Youth Pledge (Sumpah Pemuda) was proclaimed, which formed the basis for Indonesian nationalism. The Youth Pledge gave a new prestige to the Malay language, now called Indonesian. The pledge was:

We, the sons and daughters of Indonesia, declare that we belong to one nation, Indonesia. We, the sons and daughters of Indonesia, declare that we belong to one people, the Indonesian people. We, the sons and daughters of Indonesia, vow to uphold the nation’s language of unity, Indonesian.

The Dutch colonial administration saw the growing nationalism as a threat, and reacted by removing Malay as a regular subject from schools in Java in 1930, and throughout Indonesia in 1932 (Moeliono 1993:130).

Indonesian constitution, which states that Indonesian is the national language and that the vernaculars are guaranteed their right to existence and development.Through this, spread of Indonesian has not been viewed as a threat to the maintenance of the vernaculars (Nababan 1985:17).

One of the most important factors in the acceptance of Indonesian as a national language was its function as a language of unity, giving Indonesians a sense of identity and enlisting them in the process of building a new nation. The role of the Indonesian language has been inextricably linked with national development. In former president Suharto’s independence day speech in 1972, he said

To own a national language entails the love for the national language… Cultivation of our national language… is moreover a part of our national building.” (Kentjono 1986:294)

The potential danger of ethnic divisions and conflicts occurring in such a large and diverse nation made it essential to bring the nation together through a shared sense of nationhood, and the Indonesian language was both the symbol and the vehicle of that unity.

Alisjahbana put it this way: “the more [the Indonesian people] learned to express themselves in Indonesian, the more conscious they became of the ties which linked them.”.

Indonesian has had a dual function in Indonesian society, as it is the language of national identity, and also the language of education, literacy, modernization and social mobility (Wright 2004:88).

No other national language in a post-colonial nation is used in as wide a range of domains as Indonesian, a feat made more impressive by the size and ethnic, linguistic and cultural diversity of Indonesia.

Dardjowidjojo (1998) observed that compared to these other post-colonial nations such as India, Malaysia, Singapore and the Philippines, “Indonesian is perhaps the only language that has achieved the status of a national language in its true sense”.

National language policy was to create a national identity and to facilitate national integration. Garvin said, “the standard language serves to unify a larger speech community in spite of dialect differences; it bestows prestige upon the speech community that has been able to develop one.”

Indonesia’s national language policy has been effective in uniting the nation, creating a strong national identity and promoting education and literacy throughout the nation.

Conclusion

One thing which I noticed from Indonesian example was that even Sanskrit language could be adopted and developed as National Language of India. And second that the national language not only serves to promote nationalism but also helps to spread feeling of oneness and make it easy to spread education and other government services to all people easily.

While the people are divided on various factors and are not even ready to share natural resources like water which nature has bestowed to us or fight for inclusion of some city in their state then we can imagine how difficult it would be to find unity in our country. But I find that it is not people but leaders who for the sake of ruling people incite passion in people with manipulated facts and make them fear for non-existing consequences thus making them fight with each other and sometimes making those consequences real. This is nothing but careful application of game theory and policy of divide and rule in political realm. First of all, we should try and change the mind set of our people to feel that we all are Indians belonging to one country irrespective of state we live in. We should have feeling of belonging to one India and not divided by the language or culture etc. The multi-language scenario described above is roadblock to the progress of this Nation and what use is of single nation when there are so many hurdles to relocate to other parts of India. It is indeed surprising to know that people are acting unknowingly to anti-national policies and if they introspect they will find that how wrong their stand is towards the issues created just for political advantages.

In today’s global scenario, the English language can’t be ignored due to its advantage in science and technology and at the same time national and regional languages are also must. In such a situation, the nation should bring three language policy (different from existing one) where a person belonging to a region where his native language is not Hindi would be required to learn English, Hindi and regional language and people at regions where regional language is Hindi are required to learn English, Hindi and Sanskrit. And the regional/Sanskrit and English languages are required only till a certain class after which English would be unnecessary if person is not pursuing science or technology. And this implementation should be made compulsory from the beginning of the admission to school itself.

During the past protests against Hindi language, fear was created in people’s mind that this policy would give unfair advantage to Hindi speakers (as if by giving disadvantage to all by adopting English language is better!). The argument could be weaken if government jobs would only require Hindi just as a qualification language in place of considering it in merit for jobs.

Thus certainly we should share and strive to call one language of India as our “National language”. Unfortunately but in truth the present scenario of India represents

“Diversity in Unity” rather than “Unity in Diversity”.

12 thoughts on “One Nation, One Language

  1. Suneel says:

    A language is a very personal matter according to me. How can one generalize one language as a National language. Based on what merit? Purely because its popular? I totally disagree with making Hindi or any other language as the national language. Why should we adopt Hindi & why not Mandarin or Spanish which are more widely spoken in the world? That way we will have much more job opportunities. If one doesn’t want to adopt foreign language as their own, then for the same reason one cannot adopt another regional language as their own. Imagine a family where the father speaks Punjabi and mother speaks Tamil. What language should the kids learn & speak? Which one should be promoted in this case? Learning both languages sounds practical here since the kids would then get to express with both extended families. No single language is superior than the other.

    When it comes to religion or language one cant really talk about “benefits” or “advantages”. No one adopts a religion/language because of its benefit! These are ways of life handed over to us by our ancestors and communities. If there are disadvantages having many languages then that needs to be dealt differently by our governments instead of promoting one language only.

    If you looked at Wikipedia, Hindi speaking people are the maximum in India (>380 million). But this number is not purely native Hindi speakers. Its a collection of Native Hindi, Rajasthani, Bhojpuri, Haryanvi, Pahari, Kumaoni, Angika, Awadhi, Marwari, Mewari, Shekhawati, Malwi, Bagri). I could not see the count of Native Hindi speakers here. Now do you want to make Native Hindi or Bhojpuri as the national language? I’m not against learning new languages, but I’m not for having one language system.

    With due respect to all national symbols, a symbol should be a representation of the bigger picture. The Tiger should represent the entire animal wealth that we have in our forests. No more merit should be attached to that. It should not be interpreted as the tiger is more important animal than a cow or any other animal. A symbol itself should not be replaced with the bigger picture.

    I disagree when you say that changing the medium of expression would not change our identity. Every person identifies himself either with the language that he speaks, the region where he was born, the religion he was brought up in or his ancestry. One identifies himself/herself as a Hindu, an Indian, a Tamizhan, as son of Mr. X. A language is not just a medium of expression. As we lose a language, we lose certain cultural traditions associated to it, such as songs, myths, poetry, phonetics that are not easily transferred to another language. There are plenty of article in the web on why languages and dialects need to be preserved and the reasons outweigh the disadvantages that you’ve listed.

    Majority and minority should coexist & that’s what makes a healthy community irrespective of gender, religion, races, language, sexuality. Just because majority of Indians are Hindus, can we have a common religion to promote nationalism? Imagine we had only one race, one language, one gender 🙂

    Diversity is the essence of this nation & we’ve lived that way since 5000 years. The world has only fought wars whenever there was forceful conversions on peoples identities.

    Like

    • Hi Suneel,

      My brief view on the points you raised:

      1. National language. Based on what merit?: As mentioned in the article, there are numerous upsides on having a language which could be understood by everyone. Hindi could be that language as it’d be extremely easy to implement it as it is already understood by more than 90% of Indians and spoken by more than 70% of Indians.

      2. Why not Mandarin or Spanish: Most of people’s interaction would be among themselves so it gives no advantage to anyone who learn some language which is not understood by anyone else with whom the person has to interact. Second as all Indian languages are derivative of Sanskrit so most of the words are common in different languages so it is quite easy to learn a new language. Like the name and meaning of DMK chief Karuna nidhi (treasure of compassion!) would be same across different languages.

      3. Job opportunities with Mandarin or Spanish: Sure, if the person is looking for work in China or Spain then learning Mandarin or Spanish would make sense but for most Indians this isn’t the case.

      4. Language superiority: Languages are in fact superior and inferior. For example, English is one language where we need to learn two versions of the same word, one how to write it and other is how to speak it! My article on Sanskrit language could help you see the superiority of that language which is unmatched with any other language of the world till date.

      5. No one adopts a religion/language because of its benefit: Well, I believe that adopting anything without considering its merits or demerits is plain stupidity. Nothing in this world is sacred enough to not talk about its merits/demerits. Even if God would have wanted people not to question its existence or authority then he wouldn’t have created beings with intelligence. The alternative is blind belief on ancestors or traditions, which implies that we don’t consider ourselves intelligent enough to decide about things ourselves. As said by Lord Shakyamuni Buddha, “aapo deepo bavah”

      6. Native Hindi: Hindi is a new language whose grammar was also standardized in 1958. It has random mix of words from numerous dialects and languages and as such native Hindi isn’t spoken anywhere in India as per my knowledge. Hindi doesn’t shine in any area like literature, grammar etc. but just that it is widely used in India. Even the word Hindi isn’t a Indian/Sanskrit origin word but a word adopted from Persians who used to refer people who lived on the other side of Sindh river as Hind and their language as Hindi and people being Hindu. Same was spoken as Indus and Indians by westerners. In my view, government should standardize Hindi further by including more Sanskrit words and by renaming it to Bharti.

      7. One language system: I didn’t advocate for one language system but a system where one language should be commonly known along with other regional or other languages.

      8. Symbols: No body cares whether government declare Hindi as national language or not. In my opinion, Sanskrit should be declared as National language considering its symbolic value as it is deeply rooted in everything we do as Indians in our though process, views, values etc. But having a language which everyone could understand and use to talk with each other is what is required and what this article is all about.

      9. Identities: Identities and language are entirely two separate concepts. When I switch from one language to other then I don’t switch my identity. Nor do people who understands multiple languages have multiple identities disorder! 🙂 Identity is linked to the value system in which a person has a belief even if the value system is learned/adopted through entirely different language.

      10. Languages and dialects needs to be preserved: True. I nowhere mentioned that the languages should be killed.

      11. Diversity: There is a difference between having a diversity due to something which we can’t control like which is by birth e.g. race, gender, color etc. and a diversity of ideas which could be good or bad as not all ideas are good as social evils like violation of human rights, women rights, children rights are also promoted by some views and ideologies and I won’t classify those views as either good or neutral. Also, wars could be just or unjust. A war fought for protection of human values against those who don’t respect the fundamental human rights shouldn’t be seen in the same way. War is just an action but what actually is of concern is the underlying motivation behind the war.

      12. Nationalism and Religion: This is tricky issue and I won’t go into details but I’d just mention that what be the right thing to do when there is conflict of interest between Religion and Nationalism regarding some issue. Should religion be sacrificed or nation be sacrificed on such instances?

      I wanted to write a short reply but it got lengthy as I started writing.

      Like

  2. pankaj says:

    Thnkew for spreading this much of knowledge regardng the language and really I dont know this mch about our language of relatd to it.
    Reading all this thing I really want that people has needed chnge of mindset which is spoil by the nation leadar.
    And spread all this thing to ur surroundng and aware the imprtncy of language.
    Thankew

    Like

  3. Ari Sari says:

    I’m Indonesian and I’m proud to be one.
    My job requires extensive traveling throughout Indonesia, and I’m so grateful that older generations made the youth pledge and think through about the importance of national language and wise in making decision selecting which language to be use.
    Otherwise I’ll be having seriously problems in doing my job…

    Like

  4. Navjot says:

    The problem with a typical North Indian like you is that you dont understand the pain of adopting other language as your own. To a Punjabi, Hindi is as difficult as Punjabi for you. A Language is way of leaving,a way of connecting to your elders and younger generation. My only advice for you is Just learn any other language first an then write this blog again. Mere fictional writing will win you apploaud only from mindsets like yours. Then share…your experience…

    Like

    • Hi Navjot,

      First, if you are from Punjab then you’re also North Indian and in that way you are commenting on yourself.

      Second, I’m also from Punjab and Punjabi is my mother tongue. And in fact I’m quite sure that I’ve studied much more Punjabi literature including portions of Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji and Dasam Granth in comparison to you and to most people in general. For me, both Punjabi and Hindi are simple to me.

      Third, is the problem with the commentators like you who just read the title and quickly jump to comments without even reading the article. In the article, I said that we Indians need to adopt one single language which is common to all of us, in addition to our mother language and maybe English language. It is just that Hindi is already understood by more than 90% of Indians and spoken by more than 70% of Indians so it would be easy to implement it. Otherwise I’ve no issue if we adopt some other language like even Sanskrit language as a common language which is mother of all of our Indian languages but it would be difficult to implement it assuming very few people understand and speak it.

      I hope that my comment would convince you to read the article and then think about it with open mind.

      Like

    • I am as real as you are and perhaps more real as your reality couldn’t be ascertained by me. And what kind of stupid question was that regarding mothers. Do you only know one way to bring unity among neighborhood only by accepting someone’s else as your own mother ?! I am curious to know where this method is employed to bring harmony and unity. And accepting Hindi as national language wouldn’t degrade or dishonor my mother language. Even my mother language is not Hindi but still I believe in adoption of both Hindi and mother language to promote unity and for other benefits stated in the article. And I don’t find any offense in accepting both regional and national language. And I’m often surprised by thinking that what kind of mental disability would make one to think that adopting non-regional language along with one’s regional language would be immoral or what else such dumbos think. I wrote the article in the hope that there would be a fruitful discussion based on reason or logic. Try to exert some pressure on your brain and then try to read the article again.

      Like

  5. krit says:

    Nicely written. Non-Hindi speakers should be forced to learn hindi. At the same time, all the hindi speakers should be forced to learn and speak a south Indian language. Rats should be made the national animal, Its majority in the country and crows be made the national bird.

    Like

    • You are comparing apples with oranges. Contrary to your argument, in democracy, the leader is elected by majority and the people are not rats or crows ! All I said was we, the people of India need to adopt one language as our common and National language and anyhow Hindi is the language which most of Indians already knows. If that would have been the case with Tamil then I would have gone in favor of Tamil. I don’t think what I wrote was difficult to understand, if read unbiasedly.

      Like

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